In some areas of the world, rain and humidity are quite rare, which can rather easily make gardening quite difficult. On the other side of the coin are parts of the world where water is perhaps too abundant, which provides its own types of problems for gardeners.
Among other problems is draining water out of the garden before it can force an excess of water into plants, which can be just as damaging as a drought in a particularly wet year. Here then are 7 garden drainage solutions that are useful in nearly any overly wet region of the world.
Suffuse the Soil With Organic Matter
Among the best of 7 garden drainage solutions is the simple addition of extra organic matter to the soil itself. For a garden that gets too much water, the addition of extra plants can soak up the water that would otherwise transform into an excess of water in more fragile plants without forcing another plant to go without water.
Organic matter such as plants do tend to soak up water. This is also true of compost. In addition to providing wonderful nutrients to a garden, a regular infusion of compost can also provide extra organic matter to soak up excessive water in a particularly wet or humid area.
Plant With the Water in Mind
Some plants do better with excesses of water than others. A garden focused on growing plants that do well with an excessive amount of water coming in frequently is known as a rain garden or a bog garden, and while the plants may not be every gardener’s favorite, going with the natural order of things is one of the best of 7 garden garden drainage solutions.
A few plants that absolutely love heavy amounts of water are ferns, astilbe, maples, beebalm, willows, canna, a number of irises and mint. These plants can also be added to gardens to soak up water from other plants that would otherwise suffer from excess water, as mentioned above.
Reroute the Water
Digging diversion channels for water to send it somewhere besides your more vulnerable plants can also serve to keep your garden in better shape. Understanding where water tends to pool up in your garden and then digging channels to move it somewhere else is a good idea for areas with excessive rain. However, be careful where you route the water to go.
One way or another, the water should find its way into a storm drain, which every wet region of the world will likely have. That said, high amounts of fertilizer in this run off is bad for the environment, and one should either use as little fertilizer as possible or only use fertilizer when recommended.
Garden In Raised Beds
When gardening in raised garden beds, it is easier to control the soil inside the beds, meaning that there are more ways to deal with excessive water, be it adding specialized soil, water absorbent plants or extra compost.
Building raised garden beds can be difficult, no doubt, but plans for these projects are widely available on the internet and do not require a great deal of building know how to create a passable gardening bed. It can take some getting used to in order to make the most of a raised garden bed, but the control is quite astounding.
Improve Air Circulation
In particularly damp regions of the world, excessive water can provide an opening for plant diseases to attack your garden. Improving air circulation can help dry the garden out faster, before the excess of water can allow diseases to take root in your plants.
Pruning overhanging growth that create shady spots can not only allow plants to get more sunlight, but can also prevent water from building up. It can also help to add extra water at the roots rather than the foliage of the plants when watering your garden, allowing the plants to absorb extra water with minimal risk of disease.
If rain from your home’s gutters are part of the reason your plants are getting too much water, setting up rain barrels to catch that water is likely a good idea. Setting up rain barrels in strategic locations to catch that water before it gets to your garden will require some forethought ahead of time to put them in the right place where they can be moved and emptied without damaging your garden.
It is also a good idea to empty these barrels regularly as they tend to be a lot harder to move if they go neglected for too long. Ideally these barrels should be emptied in a place where they will eventually reach a storm drain.
Set Up a Drainage System
For particularly severe problems where the rain just keeps coming and the plants can’t take it, it can help to dig a system of gravel lined channels throughout your yard and use them to empty the water into a place where it will not damage your garden. Once the channels are dug and lined with gravel, specialized plastic piping should be installed to send the water where you want it to go, before covering the pipes up.
Doing this requires a great deal of forethought to set up the water channel system and this article can not possible cover the full complexities of such a project. Still, the information for this sizable gardening undertaking is widely available on the internet. So keep these 7 garden drainage solutions in mind when you set up a garden.