5 Retaining Wall SolutionsMay 18, 20150
The retaining wall can be defined as a structure that is created for holding back or retaining water, dirt or other materials behind the wall. In common households, retaining walls are generally used for the purpose of landscaping whereas big retaining walls are used for retaining material in commercial settings.
The main job of retaining walls is to prevent erosion. Backfill is the term used to define the material that is being retained behind the retaining wall.
There are many different materials used for retaining walls that include timber, stones, bricks and cement among others. Cement is one of the most commonly used materials for building retaining walls. More often than, metal bars dug into the ground are also used for avoiding extra support.
The design of the retaining wall depends on the type of soil as well as the amount of material that needs to be retained. Retaining walls made of stone are aesthetically pleasing and are commonly used for landscaping purposes.
Many well-known landscaping artists use stonework for creating extremely beautiful landscaping designs. Similarly, timber is also used for creating retaining walls but timber is only used in places where there is a lot less material to be retained which means that there is almost no pressure on the wall.
It is important to keep in mind that designing a retaining wall requires some complex calculations and if the wall is not designed in the right manner, there is a high chance that it will simply crumble away. Therefore, the retaining wall should be designed by an engineer or an experienced landscaping artist who knows all there is to know about designing retaining walls.
There are a number of types of retaining walls. The article below will discuss 5 retaining wall solutions. These commonly used 5 retaining wall solutions are extensively used throughout the world for creating some great looking retaining walls.
5 Retaining Wall Solutions
There are many different factors that affect the design of a retaining wall. It is also recommended to check the local building code before one starts building a retaining wall. In most of the cases, a retaining wall more than 40 inches high needs to be made by a licensed contractor only.
There are a number of designs possible and retaining wall can be designed to have multiple uses. For instance, in addition to holding back the sand and moisture, the wall may also serve as a bench seating.
Gravity Retaining Walls
As the name suggests, this design makes use of gravity to keep the sand and moisture away. It is designed with a thicker base and has a slightly angled design that leans backwards. These are mostly made of concrete or stone.
It is recommended to hire the services of an expert landscape artist as making this wall requires exact measurements and right type of materials to ensure that it lasts a long time.
Anchor Retaining Walls
These types of retaining walls make use of cables that connect the top and bottom. The anchors are dug in to ground with concrete and this protects the structure against high pressure. This design is best for holding back huge amount of soil behind retaining wall.
Construction of an anchor retaining wall is highly complex and it is recommended to hire the services of an experienced landscaper or engineer to build this retaining wall.
Cantilever Retaining Walls
This design is used for retaining huge amount of soil. It consists of a foundation with reinforced concrete over the foundation. The design of this retaining wall also helps in shifting the horizontal pressure to vertical pressure.
Soft Soil Retaining Wall
These retaining walls are used for holding back soft soil. Planks are pushed into the ground against the soil to build this type of retaining wall.
Dry Stacked Wall
This type of retaining wall is made by stacking stones one over the other in layers. These look attractive and there is no need for a foundation as stones move with the soil.
These are the top 5 retaining wall solutions that are extensively used by landscapers all around the world. If you have the need to build a retaining wall, do not forget to get advice from an experienced landscaper or engineer to ensure that the retaining wall does not collapse under the weight of the retained soil.